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We are soon releasing our technology in creative commons (feynmaps and feyncode). Sign up for latest updates. HERE
I have covered the Application Developer alliance before ( Joel Spolsky named Chairman of Application developers alliance board of directors) and Application developer alliance: The app economy has a new catalyst
So, its nice to see that the Application developer alliance formally launches in Europe
This is good news because – the app economy is key to European jobs, prosperity and competitiveness.
And yet, that’s just the beginning! The future will be a lot brighter with grassroots innovation and entrepreneurs who will go on to create new companies – all of which will be ‘apps’.
We now accept that we live in a Mobile first world- yet, governments and policy makers have not fully grasped how big the nascent app economy could be.
Apps affect everyone
I am building a start-up feynlabs - which will be an app .. as will many others .. i.e. every new idea is an app
The app ecosystem is also the theme of our conference in Oxford University in May
I will watch this space with interest
OctaveTutorialAndrewNg Andrew Ng Machine learning course Octave Tutorial transcripts .. (pdf)
I am looking forward to attending two almost sold out events – The tricky first million and scaling startups
If you are there, happy to meet
The Tricky First Million
26 March 14:00 – 20:00
“Your first million revenue or users are the hardest”
The importance of vision: act big from the start
MVPs & staying customer focussed
Selling your dream: to clients, recruits and staff
Raising money: traction, vanity metrics, how to choose an investor
When to hire key team members
Building the right culture
27 March 08:30 – 20:00
Building a multi-million pound business
Product quality as a driver of growth
Excellence in Recruiting
Managing company communication and culture
Creating processes that maintain agility and innovation
KPIs & data driven decision-making
How the role of the founder changes with growth
As you know from previous posts, I have been very interested in IoT / Smart cities and Algorithms
So, its nice to conduct this workshop based on the program ”Big data analytics and algorithms for cities” at the City sciences program for the Technical University of Madrid
IoT and Machine Learning is a unique one day workshop which explores Machine learning techniques for IOT.
The workshop is designed as an exploratory/introductory workshop for participants who are interested in using machine learning techniques for IoT data.
Arthur Samuel, the pioneeing AI scientist, defined machine learning as – ‘The field of study that gives computers the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed’. Machine learning includes examples such as the Driverless car which require data from other cars, street lights, people and a range of sensors coupled with the analytics to make real-time decisions.
Hence, unlike programmers who work with pre-defined logic for a problem domain( using statements like if-then-else, loops etc), for data scientistics, the logic is often non-deterministic.
Thus, given an IOT data set, the machine learning algorithm has to deduce a logic based on a pattern in the data.
The first part of the workshop will explain Machine learning techniques. This will be followed by understanding how these techniques could be applied to IOT datasets. We will use Smart city datasets to explore Machine learning and we will explore specific techniques like sensor fusion.
Machine learning techniques we explore are:
Problem domains include:
Note that this course is introductory but still needs basic understand and aptitude for Mathematics
Please contact me for any queries/thoughts/comments
workshop link in Palo Alto on IoT and Machine Learning
Here is my review of the Mobile World Congress. This year, for the first time, I was invited to attend the GSMA Ministerial programme as part of my work in being the co-author for Digital world in 2030 report to be released in the European parliament next week
This blog is a personal perspective (i.e. related to the above report – but my own views).
It tracks disruptive trends and I present a perspective / viewpoint on the industry. It is biased towards IOT – which is also a personal focus – especially due to my teaching for ”Big data analytics and algorithms for cities” at the City sciences program for the Technical University of Madrid
We now live in a mobile first world. I was not carrying a laptop and this single image (Android with Intel inside) – shows us that we are indeed in a Mobile first world
The ‘Mobile first world’ also explains the sheer size of MWC(85,000 attendees – a 20% jump from the previous year) – 45 restaurants – two heliports – 1,700 exhibitors – eight exhibition halls – 240,000 square meters (2.6 million square feet)
If you are not a part of it – you are missing out!
So, here are my perspectives ..
Firstly, here is my overall perspective, which I also discussed in my keynote at the Swiss mobile association in Zurich (slides) (smama)
2014 was clearly the year of IOT. IOT is not M2M (machine to machine). M2M is a telecoms term which implies that there is a radio (cellular) at both ends of the communication. On the other hand, IOT means simply connecting to the Internet.
The two are not the same!
From an IOT perspective, we can see connectivity in three ways:
a) Things connected to the cellular network directly and communicating mainly via cellular (machine to machine)
b) Things connected to Internet, speaking to each other in an autonomous, discoverable, peer to peer mode (ubiquitous computing)
c) Things connected to the mobile phone and then to the Internet
(a) is too expensive for mass market. (b) is too futuristic. (c) is happening now .. and is my main focus here
MWC is all about devices!
Devices targeting emerging markets and the cost conscious customer were prominent.
I have already explained the significance of IOT above .. Here are some interesting observations
Comments/feedback welcome at ajit.jaokar at futuretext.com. Follow me @ajitjaokar
For a copy of the Digital world in 2030 report to be released in the European parliament next week – follow the link
Based on my observations at MWC and outside, here is an analysis of why 5G matters and how it could shape the technological landscape of countries.
The Ericsson white paper on 5G says “5G radio access is an integrated set of technologies addressing a wide variety of use cases and requirements”
This statement sounds very generic but covers a lot of specific details because technology does not exist in vacuum. Hence, 5G should be seen in context of the previous technological evolutions. These are: 1G(1980’s) Voice; 2G(1990’s) Voice & Text; 3G(2000’s) Multimedia; 4G(2010’s) Mobile Internet. Building on these, 5G could be seen as a set of technologies that bring the networked society to life. This statement ‘creating a set of technologies that bring the networked society to life’ also sounds aspirational ..
So we need to explore what 5G means for applications and services
Today, Mobile traffic is driven by predictable activities which include making calls, email communications, browsing, watching video etc. Over the next 5 to 10 years, it is expected that billions of new devices with less predictable traffic patterns will join the network. These include Smart meters, Automotive applications, remote surveillance etc.
So, to handle this, 5G represents a convergence of Radio access technologies. To this, 5G also adds a good user experience as a goal
The drivers for 5G are
To achieve this in a diverse ecosystem as discussed above, from a network standpoint, we could classify applications along the parameters:
And all these on a massive scale (50 billion)
5G will expand into new deployment scenarios, for example ultra-dense deployments where the distance between network access nodes may be as small as a few meters and to Direct device-to-device communication. Direct to device supports radio access between a terminal and an access point connected to the Internet. Direct to device is beneficial when devices that share information are close to each other and information has in a local context.
Some of the qualities of a 5G network include:
The blog What to expect from the next generation of wireless communications? Gives a good outline of 5G features which I summarise below
End to end broadband connectivity that meets or exceeds user expectations – Higher data rates , superior end user experience, minimal dead zones and dropped data/voice packets, high quality of voice, ubiquitous Five signal bars, close to zero Latency, no network congestion, pervasive and robust networks that can withstand natural calamities
Dynamic allocation of resources –mapping the service requirements to the most suited combination of frequency and radio resources.
Customized user specific experience – The future wireless communications will focus increasingly on delivering enhanced support for diverse applications while remembering the customers’ preferences and usage patterns. The customer will be able to trust the service provider. Quality of service will be tailored to the applications’ demand.
Multi-hop mobile ad hoc networks – Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) are designed to operate without any infrastructure and possess self-organizing capabilities. The wireless nodes communicate among themselves using multi-hop radio relaying, without the packets passing through a central access point or a base station.
The Internet of Things – The idea of machine to machine communications is not new and has been discussed for years. However, the ‘Internet of Things’ is a relatively fresh term referring to various objects in our lives all possessing a unique RFID (linked to an IP address). They will communicate with each other without human interference, help in decision making and save time.
Centimeter and millimeter wave frequencies as spectrum source –The spectrum above 3 GHz has been largely left untouched so far in most parts of the world. High frequencies means low range
Smart and efficient receivers –The primary intelligence of the network will remain with the transmitter for the foreseeable future, but eventually receivers will play an increasingly important role in making the mobile environment more efficient on a network level.
This is summarised in the following diagrams
The race for the next generation game changers is on ..
5G could be a game changer for countries and companies and many have realised that
The UK effort is led by the University of Surrey 5G research center
Ericsson led metis2020 project, the Intel Strategic Research Alliance for 5G, the EU project 5gnow , Huawei’s 5G collaborations in Europe (especially in Munich) and ofcourse Neelie Kroes announcements for 5G are examples of various projects in this space
The World Radiocommunications Conference, scheduled for November 2015. Will bring many of these discussions into focus
The new 5G-Public Private Partnership will work in three phases over the next six years to define and launch the 5G infrastructure:
To conclude, the discussions for 5G are only just beginning! And much is at stake
A unified view of a 5G network would look as below
Its always nice to speak in German speaking countries since I have so many friends and also family in Germany
Zurich has been a hotbed of mobile activity with Google’s labs there – so its great to speak in Zurich for this event
the next trade event will be held on 6 . March 2014 in the HWZ an exciting topic ‘mTrends’ instead. Please save the date!
Are you interested? Your application we will be happy to take on 3 March against 2014. All other details can be found below.
Participation is for smama members (max. 3 persons per company + max. 3 guests) free. Non-members and additional guests pay a fee of CHF 80 -.
Fritz Reust, Managing smama
16:30 to 17:00 Arrival of the guests
17:00 – Welcome by Fritz Reust, Managing smama
17:00 to 17:30 Keynote 1: “The Mobile World in 2018: The future is based on global micro-trends” - Sebastian Rassmann,Trendone, Hamburg
17:30 to 18:45 Top 5 Trends for 2014
The smama departmental managers designate the mTrends 2014:
18:45 to 19:15 Keynote 2: “Cross Domain technologytrends in Telecoms, Mobile and the Internet” - Ajit Jaokar,opengardensblog / Future Text, London
19:15 to 19:30 Q & A
19:00 to 20:30 Aperitif / Networking
21:00 end of the event
Here you will find the gesame program. ((Link follows))
I am back from MWC and also from the keynote at the Raspberry Pi conference. More on those soon.
Independent of MWC, here is an interesting link I saw about 5G from Stephen Temple’s blog
The question is: Will 5G benefit all (valleys) Or will it benefit a few who already have good coverage (hills)
Stephen identifies three trends affecting Spectrum allocation
a) Radio system technology advances are focused solely on making the hills ever higher but doing relatively little about the valleys.
b) Spectrum regulators are doing their best to find more spectrum to meet the rising consumer demand for wireless data (again – the hills)
c) The third trend is the collapse of mobile handset performance as an ever greater number of frequency bands are brought into use for mobile radio. An antenna optimised to work over widely separated frequency bands always has a worse performance than one optimised for a specific frequency band.
You can read the full story from the blog - Will 5G be for a minority of high capacity hill dwellers or for the rest of us?
Image source Stephen Temple blog representing Hills and Valleys