How will next generation computing labs in schools look like?

Computing labs in schools have not changed much since many of us studied computing ..

But computers have ..

Radically so ..

Yet, school computing labs still look the same – with rows of PCs lined up against a wall.

The physical place i.e. the lab itself is valuable. For instance, the lab could be a place where some who have no access to computing could access a computer. For example, in the early days of computing, that’s exactly how Bill Gates started programming tic-tac-toe on a time-shared computer provided by the Lakeside Mothers’ Association and the Lakeside Mathematics Department

But computers themselves are changing and so is the access to computing for students outside the lab.

So, how could computing labs in schools evolve?

Today, there are many notable attempts to introduce Tablets to schools. The introduction of mobility, for example due to tablets, has some direct benefits in itself. For instance, it is possible for learners to be able to collaborate when devices are not tethered to a physical location (as PCs are)

But Tablets are just the first step.

Today, in the age of the iPhone, we take a sanitised view of computing.  We work with iPhones and PCs which work seamlessly. However, that viewpoint obscures a bigger picture. When we speak of Computers and Mobile phones, we are confined by our vocabulary. One could argue that the word ‘Computer’ itself is limited because a computer does more than ‘compute’ (i.e. calculate). Similarly, the term ‘mobile phone’ is also limited because most of us use mobile phones for Internet access (and not for making phone calls).

Thus, it is easy to be carried away by the world of computers and devices that work ‘perfectly’. However, behind the scenes, there are many changes to computing itself. These changes also impact how computing is taught because increasingly, we see a blurring of traditional boundaries.

Here are five ways in which Computing labs could evolve. We use these ideas and more in our venture Feynlabs  which is designed to teach the concepts of programming languages to kids first (as opposed to a specific programming language). By abstracting the common elements of programming languages, our goal is that learners will be able to learn any programming language.

‘Tempt learners to make’ by introducing devices like the Raspberry Pi and other interactive devices to the classroom

There are some fundamental changes in computing that are taking place around us. The last two decades saw a dominance of business led computing i.e. major innovations in computing arose from the enterprise and then migrated to the consumer domains. With mobile devices, that changed. For the first time, we see a consumer technology (mobile phones) grow to become mainstream and then migrate to the Enterprise.

These trends have many implications including on education especially in the teaching of programming languages.  Software is already ‘embedded’ many devices from washing machines to toasters. However, this is just the beginning. Through open source hardware such as Raspberry Pi and  Arduino,  a whole new class of grassroots devices are being created that use computing power in radically different ways.

These trends are also leading to a new type of computing based on Interactive devices i.e. that is -physical objects that intelligently respond to user input and enable new types of interactions. By introducing Interactive devices like the Raspberry Pi and Arduino – we introduce learners to the next wave of computing and by tempting them to make something through devices like the Raspberry Pi, they could develop an interest/desire to pursue a career in computing

 

Taking a more experimental approach

I am an avid fan and collector of comics. As a child, one of my favourite comic characters was a mad scientist called Gyro Gearloose – the operative word here being the emphasis on the ‘mad’ (for comic book fans – Gyro was created by the legendary Carl Barks the ‘Hans Christian Andersen’ of comic books ).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If we inculcate the spirit of the hacker (i.e. someone who understands technology ‘behind the hood’ and can try to enhance it to create new innovation) we re-introduce the spirit of experimentation la Gyro

Why is the experimental approach relevant to computing?

 

  • Both hardware and software are becoming Open Sourced. Value will lie in human innovation where we will use a combination of HW SW and Algorithms to create value. If you accept this future for computing(as opposed to monolithic platforms that do not talk to each other), then Arduino, Raspberry Pi etc are key devices and they will shape the future of computing.
  • As the separation between the machine, the programs and the algorithms blur, the nature of programming is changing. Software is already ‘embedded’ in Telecoms, mobile, video games, mp3 players, digital cameras, DVD players, GPS receivers, printers,  household appliances (microwave ovens, washing machines, dishwashers), home automation devices, Transportation systems and medical equipment (PET, SPECT,CT, MRI) etc. However, this is just the beginning. For most part, these devices are not ‘hackable’ ex you cannot easily change the code in your microwave oven. Through open source hardware such as Raspberry Pi and Arduino, a whole new class of grassroots devices are being created that use computing power in radically different ways.

 

Explore relationship to other sciences

Mathematician and technologist Conrad Wolfram has an insightful TED talk about teaching mathematics to kids in which he says that Maths as taught in schools looks very different from maths as is used in practise.

While there are not many devices today that mirror ethos of Raspberry Pi, in another era at the start of computing, we have more interesting analogies with ‘hobbyist computers’.  As Raspberry Pi inventor Eben Uptonsaid in an interview (emphasis mine) in the 1980s, “most schools has one or more BBC Micro Computers, similar to a Commodore 64 which were largely used to run educational software to teach kids about other subjects – not about computers”. Today, children do not have an opportunity to pursue hobbyist computing and this affects academia, research and industry in the long run. Furthermore, Eben Upton adds, “Even people who aren’t going into computer science or engineering programs, should be exposed to computer science. Programming teaches you how to take problems, break them down into smaller problems, and solve them. Any kind of job that involves problem solving can benefit from computing.”

 

Adapt to a faster rate of change

Initiatives like Khan Academy (and also Feynlabs albeit we are still in an early stage) create whole new avenues for learning computing. They are relevant because they are more aligned to the rate of change in computing. Ofcourse, a school Lab cannot adopt the same rates of change due to the sheer logistics, but labs will increasingly incorporate content from many diverse sources.

For example, we use some excellent YouTube videos and then encourage the learners to create their  own content using tools like Explain everything based on the videos. I will post more examples of this later but this strategy makes the learners as creators.

Ultimately, there are many political factors that inhibit the introduction of more open text books in schools and textbooks are still a cartel. But I believe that the sheer rate of change will mean that labs and classrooms will have to adapt to a wider set of content and this content may not be

“Social” inside

Labs and Schools fight the battle of keeping social media out such as banning facebook in schools. But social media allows us to incorporate multiple viewpoints indeed understanding different viewpoints is the basis of scientific evolution – Thomas Kuhn’s structure of scientific revolutions. If we accept the view that learners in computing and science need to be exposed to diverse viewpoints, then the challenge is not banning social media but rather acquiring skills to engage with cyber culture. Howard Rheingold, in his book netsmart sees the ability to engage with cyberculture as a core skill – much like driving a car for the current generation. This ability will be an asset to acquiring mastery. Howard classifies these skills into five competencies: Attention, Participation, Collaboration, Critical consumption of information (crap detection) and network smarts. Attention is a core skill on the web and critical evaluation of information is the key to the future of the Web itself as an information source.

This means, the lab of the future will have ‘social inside’

Conclusion

The paradigm of a ‘next generation computer labs in schools’ is useful to encapsulate our vision at Feynlabs

As I mentioned before, we use these ideas and more in our venture Feynlabs  which is designed to teach the concepts of programming languages to kids first (as opposed to a specific programming language). By abstracting the common elements of programming languages, our goal is that learners will be able to learn any programming language.

I welcome comments and feedback at Ajit.jaokar @ futuretext.com

Image source: Walt Disney / Wikipedia

Speaking at Mobile World Congress – IBM / Worklight – Mobile enterprise event

Speaking at Mobile World Congress – IBM / Worklight – Mobile enterprise event

 

 

2013 trends and How to analyse the industry in a mobile first world?

Introduction

In this article, I present some ideas which form the basis of my course at Oxford and also my tech policy analysis. It represents 2013 trends as I see them but also a framework to analyse these trends going forward

I will update this every month and also discuss in my Oxford course. If you wish to be a part of this community and discussion and receive updates, please contact me at ajit.jaokar at futuretext.com

For the past few years, we have been asking ‘Is this the year of mobile?’

We no longer do so.

Mobility is well and truly upon us and it is disrupting industries.

Over the years, I have been analysing disruptive trends in mobile both from a technical perspective and also from a transatlantic policy perspective.

This has analysis also has been a part of the course I teach at Oxford.

The question now is – How to analyse the industry in a mobile first world? 

 Why does this matter?

Mobility is more than ‘access via a mobile device’. The mobile device is inherently generative i.e. it leans to creation of content rather than pure consumption of content. Along with the Web, Mobility leads to converting closed systems to platforms. Platforms are more than APIs. Platforms are enablers for others to add innovation to your system.  There is a cost to ‘non participation’ as Kodak, Jessops and many others have found out.

The VC/angel investor Chris Dixon commented

What would the greatest technological leap you’d have to explain to someone who time travelled from the 1950’s? I possess a device in my pocket that is capable of accessing the entirety of information known to man. I use it to look at pictures of cats and get in arguments with strangers.

This statement is at the crux of mobility and the profound changes it brings and it is also the reason why many (especially in the enterprise) simply do not get ‘mobile’.

After all, mobile is one of the only technologies that makes its way from the consumer space to the enterprise.

Today, the single overriding theme for technology is seamless integration across platforms. Apps are the glue for that integration in many cases. It is a mistake to see ’open’ as free .. Open systems are bringing a fundamental change across platforms (TV Web Automotive Mobile) and the stack (Social – Cloud – Apps – Web – Devices – IOT – Networks) all powered by data.

How to analyse the industry in a ‘mobile first’ world?

How do we model the industry in a ‘mobile first’ world?

Here are some thoughts.

There are three elements that I am using

a)      An adapted version of Porter’s five forces analysis

b)      The converged stack

c)       The ability to orchestrate an emerging ecosystem

 

Let’s start with Porter’s five forces analysis.

 

 

 

 Porter’s five forces analysis is a framework for industry analysis and business strategy development formed by Michael E. Porter in 1979. The five forces determine the competitive intensity and therefore attractiveness of a market.  Attractiveness in this context refers to the overall industry profitability. An “unattractive” industry is one in which the combination of these five forces acts to drive down overall profitability. A very unattractive industry would be one approaching “pure competition”, in a state of economic equilibrium – in which there is no incentive for companies to enter of leave the industry. (Wikipedia)

In 2008, Porter updated and extended this 1979 classic with some interesting examples which could be applied to the converged Web – Telecoms industry. For example, the dynamics and evolution of the airline industry have parallels to mobile. Independently of Porter, I have blogged about this before from a Telecoms perspective - What can telecoms learn from the evolution of the airline industry

Thus, Porter’s analysis can used to determine the overall underlying shift in competitiveness. But this is just the starting point. We have to combine two other elements –

a)      The converged stack and

b)      The ability to orchestrate an ecosystem.

The converged stack - To make sense of the converged industry and its evolution, we need to see merge the traditional IT and Telecom stacks and also incorporate social media and cloud. In a mobile first world, the device (typically a smartphone but also Internet of Things devices) are the touch point for the customer. Similarly, Data underpins the entire stack.

 

 

Geographically, you could divide the industry as:

  • North America
  • Japan and Korea
  • India
  • China
  • SE Asia
  • Africa
  • Europe
  • Brazil
  • LATAM excluding Brazil
  • Russia

Note this classification is based on market dynamics. For example: Japan and Korea have similar market characteristics. Similarly India, China and SE Asia all have distinct market dynamics. All are in Asia. In other words, Asia is not a homogeneous market

The ability to orchestrate an emerging ecosystem: Also, we need to gauge who can orchestrate an ecosystem. To be a market leader, you would have to unify and orchestrate the ecosystem around your product

Apple unified three elements of the ecosystem:

  • Customers(vastly superior product),
  • Operators(differentiation) and
  • third party developers(appstore)

Google also unified three separate elements of the ecosystem for Android

  • Customers(open device),
  • handset vendors(including new handset vendors like Dell) and
  • Operators(who did not have the iPhone)

So, within the above framework, here are the trends I am following. I believe that these trends will play out over the year and I will discuss these in the monthly updated analysis along with my course at Oxford.

Tablets, New form factors and connected devices

  • 2013 could  be the year of the Phablet which Samsung first introduced through the Galaxy Note
  • A dropping price point for tablets could lead to a tipping point for tablets.  This trend has widespread impact on printing, healthcare, the enterprise, newspapers and development of new services. Android could be the winner here.
  • New form factors and interfaces like Paper Tab and Youm from Samsung are changing the interface with devices
  • A whole group of devices are emerging which are connected but are not phones. Many of these are driven by kick-starter funding such as FitBit Flex, Pebble Smartwatch, HAPIfork (world’s first smart fork that helps you lose weight), Samsung T9000 refrigerator with an LCD and Evernote integration, CST-01 E Ink watch , Snooki and Android is heading for the kitchen.  
  • Home automation – Intelligent home make it to the list of disruptive technologies at CES
  • Virtual manufacturing – driven by 3-D modelling and 3-D printing which function as shared factories for hire will lead to a resurgence for small-scale (10-1,000) unit manufacturing.  For example – Shapeways, Ponoko, Sculpteo and i.materialise
  • For connected devices, the initiatives I am watching are Google’s Prediction API and  IFTTT. IFTTT offers an intuitive, user-friendly cloud-based rules engine expressed in simple logic “if this, then that”.

Social Media

 

  •  McKinsey report says that the untapped business value of social technologies in office productivity is $1.3 trillion
  • Like Cloud and Big Data, Social media has become a pervasive technology affecting many areas like entertainment, news, TV, Telecoms etc. Last year, Facebook went public. In 2014, we expect Twitter to go public. This means, social networks, which for most part are ‘free’ will compete for revenue (advertising dollars) and will also look for innovative revenue models. For example, Facebook charges 100$ to message Mark Zuckerberg. Business rivalries and ‘closed network’ behaviour will continue (ex Twitter – Instrgam battles). Facebook’s flirtation /love-hate relationship with browsers (ex : Opera and Rockmelt)
  • From 100 fascinating social media statistics in 2012 : 175 million tweets were sent from Twitter every day in 2012 – Instagram now has more than 100 Million Users, with more than 5 Million photos uploaded per day – WordPress.com currently hosts 42 Million blogs, with 25 Billion Pages viewed per month, and 400,000 daily comments – 55% of US Mobile Subscribers now own smartphones, up from 41% in 2011 – Digital Advertising spending is up 18% as compared to last year
  • Social networks reach a tipping point and the graying of social networking sites continues – A Pew Internet survey found that Sixty-one percent of adults under 30 reported that they used a social networking site at least once on a typical day while daily usage among Internet users aged between 50-64 rose to 32 percent.
  • According to  eMarketer  in China, TencentQZone, TencentWeibo, SinaWeibo, and Renren have significant market shares and Russia is dominated by Vkontakte and Odnoklassniki.
  • Both Israel Defense Force and Hamas used social media to gain mindshare for military conflict
  •  Tout is gaining in popularity.
  • LinkedIn has been 2012’s great social media success.
  • Social media are a complement to TV
  • Yahoo! And Google+ will have a ‘make or break’ year
  • Influence measurement tools will mature (PeerIndex, Klout, Kred) will mature as will contextual influence (ex Appinions, Traackr) tools
  • Finally, while not related strictly to social media – the tech industry itself is changing. While shows like CES are plagued by the Booth babes debate
  • Innovation and mindshare seems to be shifting to shows like South By Southwestwhich combine Music, technology and film

Mobility and apps

  •  Notice that for the past few years, every year, we asked – “Is this the year of mobile?” we no longer do so! Instead we ask if it’s Mobile first ..
  • The phone has also become the ‘remote control’ to our life – with the potential to unlock front doors and read blood pressure.
  • This trend will continue to the city i.e. the phone as a gateway to city services
  • Apps are the glue for convergence and apps are spanning platforms – TV, automotive, Web and Mobile
  • The app economy is mature with 1.2 billion consumers worldwide. The Apple iStore and Google Play dominate this ecosystem
  • Apps are taking advantage of new interfaces like facial recognition, cameras and retina displays (Towards a Retina Web)
  • Sound, voice, body sensors, location, and movement can become explicit or implicit input/output mechanisms for apps
  • According to  Forrester,  the App market was recently estimated to be worth $2.2 billion and set to expand by 85 percent.
  • In December, W3C announced that HTML5 is “feature complete”. This means, it is a stable and standard release which developers and businesses can plan around.  Already the implication is clear – Hybrid apps will dominate (By hybrid apps, we mean that developers can write HTML5-based code once and deploy to platforms like iOS, Android etc)
  • I also follow webinos and Mozilla Firefox mobile OS
  • Mobile advertising will be impacted by the rise of Phablets and a drop in feature phones
  • Mobility will impact design especially through responsive design
  • Mobile commerce and mobile payments will be the breakthrough category this year. According to Juniper -  “Over 1 billion mobile phone users will have made use of their mobile devices for banking purposes by the end of 2017, compared to just over 590 million this year”. However, it is not NFC but methods that  Square which will dominate. Operator billing will not be a dominant form of payment except in some cases where Operators can work together to provide a common system to customers. Mobile payments systems such as Google Wallet and ISIS will also contribute as will Bango with Bango’s one billion milestone
  • Operators continue to make money despite their complaints about spectrum availability. Global Telco revenues exceeded $2trillion in 2012 . This trend to make money will continue but locally we will see many factors that impact profitability such as whatsapp on KPN and the Operator Free mobile on France Telecom  Operators are also losing customer mindshare and losing revenue to new services.  With notable exceptions like Telefonica, this trend will also continue for other Operators.
  • Voice cannibalization will continue and will accelerate Facebook launches free-call feature in Canada first
  • Operators will continue to make ways towards the sensor driven economy calling it M2M(which is a subset of IOT). Verizon Wireless announced at CES that they were more than “just a phone company
  • LTE rollouts will continue. For customers LTE will mean video based applications outside the WiFi range. But since LTE also has a cost (which is not easily communicated to the customer), the impact of LTE will be low since it is unclear if customers are willing to pay an extra cost for video based mobility (unless that cost is predictable and comparable to other options such as WiFi)
  • Telcos are transitioning from a world dominated by mobile telephony to a world of mobile computing
  • Emphasis moves away from reliability and scale to an era of endless choice
  • The OTT i.e. Over the top players (as Telcos define them) are a threat not for revenue but for customer mindshare
  • Telco led technologies do not span the value chain. RCS, VoLTE, M2M, NFC are technologies promoted by Telcos but they don’t span the value chain
  • Whatsapp, Viber and others are fundamentally changing traditional revenue streams for Telcos

Internet regulation

Note – some of this this section adapted from the RWW article.

1)      International Telecommunications Union’s (ITU) conference in Dubai and its implications for the control of the Internet especially the ITU ETNO proposals (see 5 Reasons Why the U.S. Rejected the ITU Treaty). Bottom line, giving sovereign nations the ability to manage and monitor the Internet could result in a splintering of the Web. Upcoming 2013 conferences like the WTPF policy forum in May and the IGF forum in the Fall could be opportunities for dissenting governments to change their minds (and policies) about the future of the Web. But most observers see countries like China and Russia working to gain as much online control as possible to silence dissenters and control the spread of information.

2)      FISA: Intercepting Email – In November the Senate Judiciary Committee passed the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA), which makes any email more than 180 days old off-limits to law enforcement without a warrant. However, the  FISA Amendments Act grants the U.S. government extensive power to intercept emails and online conversations of people the Feds believe are foreigners — without a warrant.

3)      A revival of SOPA in some form

4)      An inquiry investigating the practices of collecting and selling marketing databases and sales contact lists. It’s looking at data collection methods, which Congress plans to use in considering new regulatory legislation.

5)      Regulation on anonymous commenting which has beneficial uses but could be used to suppress dissent

6)      And finally, but very significantly for the EU the - EU Data protection regulation which some believe that it will impact all free services like Facebook in the EU and the EU single market regulation especially in relation to Cloud computing Communication from the commission to the european parliament, the council, the european economic and social committee and the committee of the regions (pdf)

 

Enterprise and Tablet computing

A few mega trends dominate the enterprise

  • The rise of tablets which favour Google and Apple (as opposed to Microsoft). PC sales are already down as Windows 8 fails to exciteiPad is already eating into the consumer PC market
  • According to  Mary Meeker – Internet Trends Update Presentation – a tipping point has already been reached with iOS and Android now command 45% of the computing Operating system as opposed to 35% for Windows. It is still too early to gauge the impact of the Chrome book ($199) but the Chrome book will provide a choice to the customers.
  • The BYOD trend also will be fuelled by tablet adoption. A report by Business Insider shows global tablet sales exceeding 450 million units by 2016.
  • With the PC market came to a stand still, the impact on Intel will also be critical since Intel does not lead in the mobility space. The choice for Intel will be either to make a breakthrough up the value chain (and no clear path is yet confirmed) but also potentially to take the low end by focussing on foundry operations which could be profitable – but I suspect politically a hard sell.
  • New processors like Nvidia’s Tegra 4 8-core,  Samsung Exynos 5 OctaIntel Bay TrailQualcomm Snapdragon 800  will impact value chains – both for enterprise and the consumer

 

Automotive

  • Apart from Google’s Sergey Brin claiming that  that in 2017, “Google’s self-driving cars will be available for everyone” – Cars are getting smarter – mainly driven by integration of apps.
  • Ford, Toyota, Hyundai, Audi and BMW – all have smart car technology with integrated apps, voice control and entertainment driving this trend. Connected carswas a key trends at CE

TV

  •  TV boxes continue to get more beautiful with OLED TVs and  Ultra High Definition TV – but ironically – the future lies in breaking out of those pretty boxes and connecting to screens beyond TV.
  • Apps (especially tablet apps which enable co-viewing of TV shows) are a critical part of this evolution as is engaging with social media
  • Companies like Amazon, Netflix, Hulu and Apple which originate from outside the TV space will be expected to play a major role in the converged space driven by the TV and the Internet

User experience

  • Post Apple, design and user experience have taken a center stage Keep an Eye on These Web Design Trends in 2013.
  • Responsive design (see section on mobility) is a trend driving design
  • I also follow the  Twitter Bootstrap framework.
  • Google algorithm changes like  Penguin and Panda updates continue to drive web design towards dynamic and original content.
  • And ofcourse, Social media is a key part of the user experience ..

Conclusions

To summarise, we are addressing a complex problem – with a moving goal post i.e. How to analyse the industry in a ‘Mobile first’ world? We use a framework with three components -  An adapted Porter’s analysis, the Converged stack and detecting the ability to orchestrate the ecosystem

We take a quantitative and qualitative approach based on the above framework covering platforms, stack and policy.

 I will update this every month and also discuss in my Oxford course. If you wish to be a part  of this community and discussion and receive updates, please contact me at ajit.jaokar at futuretext.com 

Aaron Swartz, American hero – from washington post ..

 

Aaron Swartz, American hero – from washington post ..

I found the below very interesting ..

1) It is no accident that Silicon Valley is in America, and not France, or Germany, or England, or Japan,” Graham wrote. “In those countries, people color inside the lines.” The article is accompanied by a picture of Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, prior to the founding of Apple, experimenting with a “blue box,” a device that tricks the phone system into allowing free phone calls. Wozniak says he once used a blue box to call the Pope.

2) Graham reports that while working on the Manhattan Project, the physicist Richard Feynman made a hobby of cracking military safes. Graham said that there was something very American about the fact that American officials didn’t throw Feynman in jail for his antics. “It’s hard to imagine the authorities having a sense of humor about such things over in Germany at that time,” he noted wryly.

3) I worry that Swartz’s prosecution is a sign that America is gradually losing the sense of humor that has made it the home of the world’s innovators and misfits. A generation ago, we hailed Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg as a hero. Today, our government throws the book at whistleblowers for leaking much less consequential information.

4) Our nation’s growing humorlessness won’t just mean that insubordinate idealists like Swartz lose their freedom or their lives. As our culture becomes steadily less accepting of people with Swartz’s irreverant attitude toward authority, we’ll all be poorer as a result. Revolutionary new technologies and ideas don’t come from people with a reverence for following the rules. They come from iconoclasts like Jobs, Wozniak, and Swartz. It’s a bad idea to lock them up and throw away the key.

RIP Aaron Swartz

Aaron Swartz  and

From - How to get a Job Like Mine

What’s the secret? How can I boil down things I do into pithy sentences that make myself sound as good as possible? Here goes:

  1. Be curious. Read widely. Try new things. I think a lot of what people call intelligence just boils down to curiosity.
  2. Say yes to everything. I have a lot of trouble saying no, to an pathological degree — whether to projects or to interviews or to friends. As a result, I attempt a lot and even if most of it fails, I’ve still done something.
  3. Assume nobody else has any idea what they’re doing either. A lot of people refuse to try something because they feel they don’t know enough about it or they assume other people must have already tried everything they could have thought of. Well, few people really have any idea how to do things right and even fewer are to try new things, so usually if you give your best shot at something you’ll do pretty well.

whatever your views on content, academic journals and publications accsess needs to be reformed.

Sad about Aaron

See this also about depression from Aaron’s blog

Below is a wonderful tribute by Tim Berners Lee to Aaron Swartz

Aaron is dead.

Wanderers in this crazy world,
we have lost a mentor, a wise elder.

Hackers for right, we are one down,
we have lost one of our own.

Nurtures, careers, listeners, feeders,
parents all,
we have lost a child.

Let us all weep.

timbl

 

 

 

Designing for living systems …

I liked this 18 mins video about interaction design and designing for living systems  ..

In a nutshell, the era of one user – one computer is gone forever

Design will be about putting people (and the community) at the center and creating across products

Connectivity is the key – We live in a world where access to facebook can determine the fate of nations

People act as if they livevin a world not connected – but we already are – and that means we are a part of something bigger